Gray wolf populations in Africa are minimal with small, endangered populations in Egypt and Ethiopia, based on new genetic findings about the golden jackal (Canis aureus) which is now thought to be a gray wolf (Canis lupus). Also in Ethiopia, the Ethiopian wolf (Canis simensis) is really a jackal.
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Current Wolf Population, Trend, Status
Number of wolves: Unknown
Population trend: Unknown
Legal protection: No protection
Read the Current Biology scientific report, Genome-wide Evidence Reveals that African and Eurasian Golden Jackals Are Distinct Species
Koepfli et al. assess divergence between golden jackals (Canis aureus) from Africa and Eurasia using data from the mitochondrial and nuclear genomes. They show that African and Eurasian golden jackals are genetically distinct and independent lineages, and that African golden jackals likely represent a separate species.
Common name: gray wolf
Latin name: Canis lupus
REGION 1 – EGYPT
Common Name: arctic wolf
Location: Canadian/Alaskan Arctic
Common names: Ethiopian wolf, Abyssinian wolf, ky kebero (Amharic), jedalla farda (Oromo), Simien jackal
Latin name: Canis simensis
The International Wolf Center advances the survival of wolf populations by teaching about wolves, their relationship to wildlands and the human role in their future.