We added a full-spectrum light when she is not outside to trigger the formation of Vitamin D. According to research, when vitamin D requirements cannot be met by diet due to metabolic or absorption issues, direct solar exposure is the most effective method of promoting biosynthesis of vitamin D. If solar is not available, artificial lighting may be a viable substitute. I am now trying to investigate her status and nutrition prior to her arrival on site. We have a lot of questions for the source facility and are still in the process of getting answers. We know (by comparison of Bolts growth) that the nutritional supplements and variety of diet seems to be working for him. She is on a 4-week restricted activity order from the surgeons at the University. We put up a small pen within the main kennel as well as outside so Peanut and Bolts have face to face contact. She is active, feeding well, her coat condition has improved dramatically since we first met her, and she has great spirits. Weights since the last posting <li> 5-8-12 – 9.0 lbs <li> 5-9-12 – 9.0 lbs <li> 5-10-12- 8.8 lbs <li> 5-11-12 – 9.4 (note scale change may affect weight) Day of first x rays<li> 5-12-12 – 9.2 lbs <li> 5-13-12 – 9.3 lbs <li> 5- 14-12 – 9.6 lbs <li> 5-15-12- No weight <li> 5-16-12 – 9.7 lbs U of MN Surgery date<li> No weights 5/17 <li> 5-18-12 – 10.5 lbs <li> 5-19-20 – 10.6 lbs <li>

As we stated in Bolt's logs, the name the pup contest has started and we appreciate names that fit the wolves personalities. While some people may feel sorry for Peanut because she's smaller and has to keep up with a bigger packmate, but she has an attitude that is much more intense than her size. She is still developing her sense of sight and sound, but she tracks well to wolf care staff. She likes to cuddle up to staff and seeks out Bolts when she gets cold. Her visit outdoors was much more intimidating than for Bolts, but with limitations on her vision, things probably appeared overwhelming. She eats well, and is very active with a bowl of meat. Here's her weight gains for the last few days. We always want a weight gain, but do see the challenges of the influence of changes to a pups schedule. As we train new people, the pups can be less enticed to eat. Due to the concentrated effort we need for pup care, we will only post wolf logs once and week along with the weekly Youtube. <li> Weights <li> 4/24 – 6.4 lbs<li> 4/25- 6.9 lbs<li> 4/26 – 6.8 lbs<li> 4/27 – 7.1 lbs <li>

Part I: I know it is frustrating to not get regular updates on Peanut's progress. We want you to know that our efforts are focused on her, but with the surgery last Wednesday, the Fire issue on Thursday and the efforts to get the outdoor U-stream camera functioning, the logs had to wait until this midnight shift. Essentially, the issues with Peanut began early on for wolf care staff. Staff and the vets had many conversations about mobility and development as compared to Bolts. We did comparative analysis on food consumption weights and abilities to every previous litter the Center has successfully raised, but really focused on Grizzer and Nyssa as our barometers. On May 11th, Peanut and Bolts were in the auditorium for some exercise and Peanut rolled off one of the carpeted risers (I have video of Shadow and Malik and Bolts exercising in this area on Youtube this week). She didn't whine or cry out, just rolled, sat up and Bolts came over to greet her. But, staff immediately noticed that she wasn't weight bearing and brought her to the Ely clinic for x-rays. This started the process of a consult to the University of Minnesota which eventually resulted in surgery to repair a fractured femur. Did the fall cause the fracture or did she have an existing issue that made her weak and cause mobility problems? We don't know. What was most troubling and discovered during surgery, was the fact that her bones were very thin, which may have made normal pup a risk for her. Our efforts now are focused on determining the cause and determining the next course of action. We have tracked everything that goes in and comes out of this pup from the day we picked her on April 13th; Urination, Defecation, ounces of formula, kibble, meat, vitamins, high energy paste, glycoflex, calcium supplements etc.

I would like to introduce our newest ambassador wolf, nicknamed Peanut by staff. She is a black color phase assumed to be the Great Plains subspecies of the gray wolf. She has so many similarities to Nyssa. This will be an exciting time to watch them grow and develop personalities. Yes, she is already 5 pounds, with her whelping date estimated at April 4th, she would be 16 days old today. We included more details of the pup socialization process and video in Youtube that shows a young, but robust pup.